The CPTT is the first valid and reliable TT [trigger tool] for detecting harm in children and youth of all ages hospitalised in acute care. This 35-trigger tool is reliable and robust, and can be used in quality-improvement initiatives and for more rigorous research agendas. Future research should focus on improving the efficiency of the CPTT and investigating the differences between nurse and physician assessments of AEs [adverse events]... Such studies will enhance current efforts to raise the profile of paediatric patient safety issues.
...an AE was defined as an unintended injury or complication that results in disability at the time of discharge, death, prolonged hospital stay or subsequent hospitalisation, and is caused by healthcare management.... ‘Healthcare management’ included the actions of individual hospital staff, as well as the broader systems and care processes, and included acts of omission and commission.
- Reducing Harm in Paediatric Care: Learning about Adverse Events using a Validated Canadian Paediatric Trigger Tool (Matlow: 2007)
- Incidence and Types of Adverse Events in Children in Large Community Hospitals (Matlow: 2008)
- Development, Testing, and Findings of a Pediatric-Focused Trigger Tool to Identify Medication-Related Harm in US Children's Hospitals (Takata: 2008)
- video of trigger tool in use
- trigger tool resources from the CAPHC Patient Safety Collaborative:
"We know that we cannot prevent all Adverse Events, but if we eliminate or mitigate the harm from those that are preventable, we will greatly increase the safety of our healthcare delivery. In order to do so, however, we must first be able to identify these events, a process that has been hampered to date by the lack of an appropriate paediatric tool."
- Adverse Events in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Development, Testing, and Findings of an NICU-Focused Trigger Tool to Identify Harm in North American NICUs (Sharek: 2006)
- Adverse events and comparison of systematic and voluntary reporting from a paediatric intensive care unit (Silas: 2010)